You’ve probably heard the word es before, but you may not know exactly how to use it in Spanish. It’s the plural form of the verb “ser.” But despite its name, “es” has very little to do with the meaning of the word. In Spanish, it is synonymous with “it is.”
There are some important situations when you need to use es in Spanish. First, you’ll need to express the time. In Spanish, “ti is two o’clock,” is pronounced as “ti,” while “ti” is pronounced as “three”. Similarly, “three” and “four” are used to express time. Time is also a permanent entity and requires the verb ser.
While es is often used to say “you,” it can also refer to an inanimate object. When it refers to a human being, a person will use es. But in Spanish, it’s usually a formal word, so the personal a is the same as el. If you’re using the personal a instead of es, it’s best to avoid it.
“What is” is not always a question in Spanish. For example, “what is the weather like?” will be answered as “what kind of ice cream is that?” If your Spanish partner asks you what type of ice cream you prefer, he’ll tell you that it is made from milk. However, if you’re looking for a person’s characteristics, he’ll probably use “which” instead.